Bed bugs are active only at night, usually just before dawn. During the day, they hide in cracks and crevices. in walls, floors, beds, and furniture. When only a few bed bugs are present, they live close to human sleeping areas; when numerous, they can be found in many rooms of the house. A characteristic "bed bug odor" is frequently present in a home infested with bed bugs.
Despite the fact that the bed bug can acquire many human disease organisms during feeding, there have been no documented cases of disease transmission as a result of bites. However, their bites can produce irritating, itching, and burning sensations. Bed bugs feed rapidly, becoming engorged in less than ten minutes. The act of biting is usually not felt, but later there is an allergic reaction to the protein found in the bed bug's saliva. A colorless wheal or lump develops at the bite location; in contrast, flea bites have reddish centers.
CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT MEASURES:
Bed bugs become established in structures when they hitch a ride in boxes, baggage, furniture, bedding, laundry, and in and on clothing worn by people coming from infested sites. Poultry workers can carry bed bugs to their residences from their places of work.